While most disasters can't be prevented, they can be managed with careful planning and preparation. By considering potential disasters in advance, city officials can save lives and avoid unnecessary confusion. There are numerous facets of an effective disaster management plan. When completing a project on disaster management, you can select one of these plan elements as a basis for exploration.

Government's Role

City and state disaster management plans are traditionally created and maintained by the government. For your disaster management project, explore which governing body is responsible for the creation of your local disaster management plan. Gather information on how this body was created and what training these individuals received on disaster management principles prior to being put in charge of the plan. Also research which disaster types your community currently has provisions for and which still need to be explored.

Dissemination Tactics

Disaster management plans are largely ineffective if individuals are not informed of the plans. Research ways in which plans can be shared with the community at large. Gather information on the effectiveness of each dissemination option. Compose a paper or create a chart comparing and contrasting these dissemination methods, and discussing which method or combination of methods should be employed to ensure optimal effectiveness.

Communication Techniques

When a disaster occurs, communication is often disrupted. Research ways in which individuals can communicate during a disaster situation. Create a poster outlining these communication methods and explaining the benefits and weaknesses of each. Make your poster both attention-getting and informative.

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Home Preparation Kit

In many communities, individuals are encouraged to create home preparedness kits to ensure their family's safety in the event of a disaster. Gather information on government recommendations for the contents of one of these kits. Gather a kit, containing the materials the government recommends. Present your kit to your peers, explaining the reasons behind each of the suggested materials and describing how the material would be used in a true disaster situation. Compose a pamphlet outlining what things the kit should contain, and distribute the pamphlets upon the conclusion of your presentation.