How to Do APA Format for a Chat Session

A chat session can be used in an APA style paper when discussing opinions, and should be cited accordingly.
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A chat session is considered a personal communication in American Psychological Association style, as is email or other online discussions. Generally speaking, a chat session, while useful in your discussion, should not be considered a scholarly resource. Most personal communications should therefore only have an in-text citation and not be listed on the reference page.

1 In-Text Citation

When discussing a chat session in the body of your paper, you can either mention the name of the author within the sentence with the words "personal communication" and the date in parenthesis, or place the entire citation in parenthesis at the end of the sentence. For the latter, the citation will look like this, including the parenthesis: (Full Name, personal communication, date). Write out the full date; do not use any abbreviations.

Jen has been a professional writer since 2002 in the education nonprofit industry. Her work has been featured in the New Jersey SEEDS Annual Report, as well as several Centenary College publications, including "Centenary in the News" and the "Trustee Times." In 2009, Jen earned a Master of Arts degree in leadership and public administration from Centenary College.