The word apostolic, found in the Nicene Creed, has many different meanings to different Christian churches around the world. Here is a brief overview of how the word is understood by churches that place a particularly strong emphasis on the concept.
Meaning of the Word Apostolic
The word apostolic, in Christian use, is an adjective meant to relate to one or more of the original 12 Apostles of Jesus Christ.
Apostolic in the Nicene Creed
The Nicene Creed published by the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD describes the Christian Church as “one holy, catholic, and apostolic Church.” There are profound differences, however, in how this is understood by the various Christian denominations.
The Meaning of Apostolic to the Roman Catholic Church
The Roman Catholic Church understands the word apostolic to mean pertaining to the authority of the bishops, and especially the pope, as derived from an unbroken line of succession of bishops going back to the original 12 Apostles.
The Meaning of Apostolic to the Eastern Orthodox Churches
The Eastern Orthodox concept of apostolicity is similar to that of the Roman Catholic Church, while denying any special authority for the bishop of Rome.
The Apostolic Church Denomination within Pentecostal Protestantism
The Apostolic Church, a denomination within Pentecostalism, uses the term to refer to its conviction that its practices and beliefs reflect those of Christianity as it existed during the lives of the original 12 Apostles.
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