The benefits of mechanistic models of structure depend on the atmosphere and goals of the workplace in which the model is implemented. This is in accordance with contingency theory, which upholds that there is not a universal model to optimize production and relations in every work environment. However, in many professional situations, workers will benefit from a mechanistic model of structure when compared to an organic model.
Mechanistic models of structure are highly organized and clearly laid out. There is a definitive position of leadership, as well as a hierarchical arrangement of other departments and positions. This allows for a well-defined, stable working environment for the entire business. However, due to its rigid structure, a mechanistic model of structure is often incapable of adapting to rapidly changing business needs.
One benefit many business owners and employees find with mechanistic models of structure is the highly structured nature of work tasks. Since each department is separate and clearly defined in a mechanistic model, employees will be assigned specialized tasks that remain relatively static over time. This allows for stability and predictability in the workplace, which management and employees often find more comfortable when compared to less-structured models.
Mechanistic models of structure feature a centralized, definitive position of leadership. This allows management to easily delegate responsibilities and tasks to appropriate departments. Furthermore, since job requirements remain relatively unchanged over time, management can easily assign tasks and know what to expect from each department. This leads to simple planning and efficient use of human resources.
When compared to mechanistic models, organic models of structure emphasize autonomy amongst both management and employees. There is a much deeper integration between departments and individuals, often implementing collaborative thought and team work. This allows the organically structured workplace to be more progressive and adaptable to change, as the business is not as rigidly structured as in a mechanistic model. Furthermore, organic models cultivate new ideas and developments from employees by allowing them to work more freely.