Writing an essay can be a challenging task, but some prior preparation and planning can help you get it done. Writing is a form of art and, like all other arts, it requires a personal touch to reach its audience. There are no exact rules and indications, but tips and pointers; the rest lays in practice. Outline, write, read it and write it again if necessary; it is not about getting it right the first time, but rather getting it right.

Step 1

Read first, write later. It’s impossible to write about something you don’t know, so research your topic rigorously. Outline the most important points to focus on.

Step 2

Analyze your audience. the characteristics of your audience, including their education level and reading ability, will help to determine the level of language that you use and the types of data that you include to persuade them.

Step 3

Prewrite to list the points you want to cover in your essay; don’t hesitate to write down each idea that arises, regardless if it’s tied to the paragraph you’re focusing on or not. Ideas can pop into you mind randomly, so write them down on your draft as they come.

Step 4

Create an introduction. The introduction should bring the reader into the subject and give him an idea where you’re heading without overlapping the information you present in the body of the essay.

Step 5

Present each idea in a paragraph, sustaining your claims with solid arguments. Use citations to add authority to your claims and demonstrate you know what you’re talking about and not just writing from the top of your head.

Step 6

Write the conclusion. Your essay should end with a section summarizing the main points. Additionally, you can provide your own point of view or present a twist of logic -- something to leave the reader interested about the subject.