In fifth grade, students begin to explore their feelings and opinions on various topics, including social issues and news events. A persuasive essay helps students practice their written expression and critical-thinking, organizational and research skills. A persuasive essay should sway the reader to one side of an issue. Before students begin writing a persuasive essay, parents and teachers should help them choose a topic that can easily be researched and argued.
Favorites and Hobbies
All children have favorite items or hobbies, whether it is an animal, relative, childhood toy, drawing, singing or dancing. Writing about favorite things and hobbies is a good start to persuasive essays because it is something students are familiar with. Arguments can include why their topic is a favorite or compare why it is better than someone else’s favorite.
Persuasive essays about books open up students’ creativity. Students can compare books that were read during the school year, write about their favorite or worst reading assignment or persuade the teacher why a specific book should be added to the classroom reading list. Persuasive topics can also be related to an issue presented in a specific book, such as whether Peak Marcello’s punishment in the book "Peak" by Roland Smith is fair.
Whether or not students are athletic, sports is a popular topic to write about. Students can choose their favorite/worst sport, compare sports and argue for or against specific sports activities in the physical education curriculum.
Change the Rules
Entertaining topics that also engage fifth graders’ critical thinking include classroom and house rules. Parents and teachers should ask students, “What would you change if you were in charge?” Topics can vary from changing the type of food served in the school cafeteria and shortening the school day to adding or removing educational subjects, eliminating homework and pushing back bedtimes. Writing a persuasive essay to “change the rules” works best as a group writing activity so the children can vote on the most popular rule change. Teachers can divide the classroom in half for students to argue both sides of the topic.
What’s going on in the neighborhood? The world? Current events are good topics for persuasive arguments because they bring awareness of social issues and often offer follow-up articles. Fifth graders should research global and local news issues such as the lack of clean water in South Africa and implementing new bullying policies in their school district. There are a number of websites that offer kid-friendly current event formats, including Time For Kids and Scholastic. Parents. You can find age-appropriate news sites by performing an Internet search for “current events for kids.”
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