How to Make an Incubator to Grow Bacteria

How to Make an Incubator to Grow Bacteria

Bacteria can grow in cool conditions. They will even grow, albeit very slowly, inside your fridge. However, most species grow considerably faster at about 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Unless you wish to wait weeks for your cultures to develop, you’ll need some sort of incubator. The best option is a purpose-built incubator that allows you to control the temperature variable.

  • Wooden box
  • Drill
  • Desk lamp
  • Cardboard
  • Thermometer

1 Find a Box

Find or make a wooden box large enough to hold all your petri dishes when the box is on its side. The box can be as crude as you like -- its only purpose is safe insulation. An old aquarium (minus the water of course) makes an excellent incubator, especially if you have a reptile heat mat to provide warmth. Another simple option is to repurpose scrap pieces of furniture you already own. For example, a small bedside cabinet would make an ideal incubator.

2 Alter the Box

Drill a hole in the side of the box near the bottom, if one doesn’t already exist. The cord to the lamp will pass through this hole, so it should be approximately a half-inch in diameter or custom measured to fit the cord itself.

3 Prepare the Interior of the Incubator

Place a small desk lamp inside the box. This will be your heat source, but remember that the box itself will insulate the incubator. It is best to use a 15 watt bulb since any stronger wattage inside an incubator this size could overheat the bacteria and kill your sample. Next, create a platform with wood or cardboard to hold your samples. For example, fold a piece of cardboard and attach it to the side of the box just above the lamp.

4 Test the Incubator

Turn the lamp on and leave your incubator for a few hours so you can properly assess its temperature. In two to three hours, measure the temperature above the platform. The perfect incubator should maintain a temperature of 80 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature is considerably higher or lower, you will need to select a different light bulb of higher or lower wattage and retest the temperature after giving the incubator time to acclimate.

5 Use the Incubator

Your incubator is now ready to grow bacteria samples. Place your samples-- cultured on a petri dish, if possible-- on the platform inside the incubator. If you need to save space, you can stack the petri dishes on top of each other. Check your samples regularly and look for colony growth to let you know that your incubator is an ideal temperature for the particular species.

  • Don’t be tempted to increase the temperature drastically in the hope that your bacterial colonies will grow faster. Not only are high temperatures likely to kill some or all of the bacteria, but you’re also creating a fire hazard.
  • You can stack petri dishes if space is short.
  • An old aquarium --minus the water of course -- would make an excellent incubator, especially if you have a reptile heat mat to provide warmth.
  • You can repurpose scrap pieces of furniture as incubators. A small bedside cabinet, for example, would be ideal.

Judith Willson has been writing since 2009, specializing in environmental and scientific topics. She has written content for school websites and worked for a Glasgow newspaper. Willson has a Master of Arts in English from the University of Aberdeen, Scotland.