The Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees the right to a speedy trial. This amendment builds on the Fifth Amendment which guarantees due process of law. It is part of the Bill of Rights, which includes the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution.
Location of a Speedy Trial
The Sixth Amendment states that a speedy trial shall take place in the "district wherein the crime shall have been committed." In other words, wherever the crime happened, the trial will take place in that district. Most of the time this means the same county or the same city, depending on how the district is tailored.
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