The era known as the Victorian Era included the years 1837 until 1901. Queen Victoria reigned during this period. England went through big transformations during the Victorian Era, politically and economically. There were many new inventions that happened during then along with many social changes.


The Victorian Era was filled with the development of new inventions. In 1876 the telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell and the radio was invented in 1895 by Guglielmo Marconi. The camera, toilet, sewing machine, vacuum, train and stamp were all created during the Victorian Era. Factories began to be powered by steam, and the police force was created during this period.

Morals and Conduct

During the Victorian Era, there were extremely strict codes of morals and conduct. Children were not allowed to be loud and did not spend much time with their parents. A lady did not where a dress that would show her ankles. Men did not call a single women by her first name unless they were engaged.

Social Structure

The Victorian Era included the upper class, the middle class, and the working class. The households that had the most money, had servants during this era. The Industrial Revolution occurred during the Victorian Era, which made the division of classes not as large. In particular, the middle class earned much more income after the Industrial Revolution and were considered wealthy by many. Great Britain’s population doubled during the Victorian Era.

Hospital, Surgeries and Health

Tuberculosis caused the most health-related deaths during the Victorian Era. People who became ill during this time were sent away to “workhouses.” When a person needed to have surgery, he did not use any kind of painkiller for his pain. They also did not use anesthesia, so a person would be in an operation for hours in unbearable pain and agony. During the Victorian Era, people dined in the basement. They thought that their food would digest better in the dark, so dining rooms were placed in the basement.