Hatshepsut, who lived roughly between 1508 and1458 BC, is unique among Egyptian pharaohs for her gender. She was born a princess in the 18th dynasty, became a queen and then took on the trappings and title of king. Hatshepsut's father was Tuthmesis I, a general who became pharaoh. He was succeeded by Tuthmesis II, Hatshepsut's husband and half-brother. Hatshepsut served as a traditional Egyptian queen consort until Tuthmesis II died 15 years after taking the throne and Hatshepsut's stepson Tuthmesis III assumed the throne. He was a child so Hatshepsut served as regent. By the seventh year of her regency, Hatshepsut was acknowledged as king, with her stepson as her permanent junior partner.
Gradual Rise in Power
Hatshepsut selected advisers who were personally loyal to her and led her nation into a time of prosperity throughout her reign, which lasted from 1479 to 1458 BC. Her rise from queen regent to pharaoh was gradual. She took on the trappings and symbols of a male ruler, such as wearing kingly attire. She also took part in military and trade expeditions. Hatshepsut restored monuments and built temples. Both of these activities were important ways for pharaohs to show their piety and ensure they would be remembered by future generations.
- Hatchepsut: The Female Pharaoh; Joyce Tyldesley
- Hatchepsut; Egypt's Golden Age - PBS
- Daughters of Isis: Women of Ancient Egypt; Joyce Tyldesley
- National Geographic - Hatchepsut: The King Herself
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