Primary School Teaching Methods

by Sarah Lipoff

The primary level of education, or elementary school, represents many children's first introduction to formal learning. From the ages of 4 to 11, youngsters are taught many important skills from various teachers. Finding the best teaching methods and strategies to encourage learning and create a comfortable educational setting is essential when preparing children for their academic careers.

Active Listening

Use active listening as a teaching method to assist children who might not have the verbal skills needed to fully express themselves. Active listening is similar to sportscasting in that teachers describe activities and behaviors to children while they are performing the action. Active listening techniques also help during an exchange between students when feelings are not properly expressed. Not only does active listening assist with resolving conflict in the classroom, it aids in teaching by streaming directions and information to primary students.

Constructive Feedback

Offer positive feedback to help educate and direct primary school students. Constructive feedback offers students direct praise for a job well done. By incorporating constructive feedback methods into the classroom, teachers acknowledge children when they are on task or following directions. This feedback also encourages other children to follow the lead of the child receiving the praise.

Peer Teaching

Use children's trust and interest in each other as a teaching method. Peer teaching encourages children to help each other and work together. If one child is excelling in an area where another child is having difficulty, teaming the two for a joint project encourages them to learn from each other. Peer teaching can be accomplished with individual projects or through a long-term connection.

Task Lists

Working together encourages learning among children. Create job charts or classroom lists for daily items that need to be accomplished and allow the children to select who is in charge for the day and who will complete specific tasks on the list. Working together encourages classroom harmony and allows children to take turns being in charge of a task. This builds self-esteem and encourages communication.

About the Author

Sarah Lipoff has been writing since 2008. She has been published through BabyZone, Parents, Funderstanding and Education.com. Lipoff has worked as a K-12 art teacher, museum educator and preschool teacher. She holds a Bachelor of Science in K-12 art education from St. Cloud State University.

Photo Credits

  • happy school girl image by Nenad Djedovic from Fotolia.com