Learning Styles in Adults

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Adults will have more success learning if they are actively engaged in their own learning process. People learn in different ways and have different learning styles. Once you find your learning style you will be more actively engaged and will learn the way that is best for you. There are three main learning styles.

1 Visual

Visual learners like to see what they are being taught.

Visual learners thrive on seeing what they are learning. They understand ideas better when they are presented with pictures or graphics instead of listening to an explanation. These learners also learn better when they are able to create a mental picture in their heads. If you are a visual learner, you should take advantage of any diagrams, charts, maps or other visual aids.

2 Auditory

Auditory learners prefer to hear instruction being given.

Auditory learners learn better when they hear the message or instruction being given. Adults who are auditory learners learn when someone talks them through a task instead of having to read directions themselves. Auditory learners sometimes talk themselves through a task. If you are an auditory learner, you may tape lectures so you could hear them again while you take notes later. Auditory learners sometimes benefit from sitting toward the front of the room to hear everything being said. It also helps to read things out loud to really understand the material.

3 Kinesthetic

Kinesthetic learners learn through touch.

Kinesthetic learners need to feel the position and movement of material being taught. Instead of sitting through a lecture or discussion classes, adult kinesthetic learners learn better when they are able to do something physical in association with the concept being taught. Hands-on practice is vital for these learners.

If you are a kinesthetic learner, writing facts several times will help you process facts. The muscle movement of your hands will aid you in absorbing the information more thoroughly. Some of these types of learners remember information better when they are fiddling with something while they are listening because of the physical activity involved.

Kelly Mendoza has been a writer and educator since 1994. She has been a teacher for an online school, for traditional schools and a homeschooler. She has been writing Web content since 2009. Mendoza attended the University of Southern California, where she earned her Bachelor of Arts in English and American literature.