Vladimir Lenin was a Russian communist revolutionary. His Bolshevik Party helped other revolutionary factions to overthrow the rule of the Russian Tsar before seizing power and bringing Russia under communist rule. While all Russian communists sought to overthrow the tsar's rule, Lenin had personal reasons for hating the tsar and his government.

Execution of Alexander

During the late 19th century, Russia was essentially a police state ruled by the tsar. Opposition to the tsar was dealt with harshly. This affected Vladimir Lenin on a personal level in 1887, when the then-17 year old learned that his older brother, Alexander, had been executed for involvement in a plot to assassinate Tsar Nicholas II. Vladimir Lenin was later arrested for being in possession of communist revolutionary literature and forced to spend much of his young adulthood in exile.

Exiled in Siberia and Abroad

Lenin was first exiled by the tsar's government to Siberia and later expelled from Russia. While abroad in England, Germany and Switzerland, Lenin published a Marxist journal and became a leader in the international communist movement. Lenin returned to his homeland during the early days of the Russian Revolution, in 1917 and quickly assumed leadership of the Bolshevik faction of the revolution, which eventually seized power.