# What Math Skills Are Taught in Kindergarten?

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Your child's kindergarten year marks his first formal year of academic instruction. Reading and math are the two main academic areas that teachers emphasize. Although your child will learn many other skills, most of the instructional day will focus on these two subjects. They are important because a student must master the basics to succeed in subsequent grades. This is especially true concerning math, in which skills must build on one another. A kindergarten teacher will focus on number sense and will introduce measurement and geometry concepts.

## 1Counting

Many children entering kindergarten can count orally to 10. Teachers will slowly increase this until the class can count to 100 by the end of the year. Your child will also learn how to count by 5's and 10's to 100. Some teachers will introduce skip counting by 2's to 20. Along with oral counting is one-to-one matching in which children point to and count objects like plastic blocks or chips. This exercise shows students that one number corresponds to one object.

## 2Numbers

Number recognition is taught simultaneously with counting because students need to understand that numbers have a name and a shape. Children will also write numbers to reinforce this. Understanding quantity is a concept that teachers work on all year. Students will look at pictures in a workbook or objects on a table, count them, write the number, then determine which ones are more or less. This skill is necessary for higher level objectives like reading graphs, which your child's teacher will introduce later in the year.