A research proposal is an important part of any dissertation. Dr. Paul T. P. Wang points out that the research in any project is either doomed to fail or destined to succeed based on the proposal. The purpose of a research proposal is to tell others about the research and show that there is a work plan already set up before starting the research. Once the idea for the research is decided upon, writing the proposal will determine the success of the idea.
Write a clear, simple and to the point title. Titles should not contain useless words. It does not need words like "A study of..."; it is already understood that the research is studying the topic.
Type a summary of the proposal. Dr. Wang suggests around 300 words for the summary length. The summary should contain information about the reason for the topic, a question that led to the topic, any potential hypothesis and a method plan for the research.
Write an introduction. An introduction for a research proposal should state the problem and then stage the question for the topic. It should tell why the research is necessary by using contextual support. Provide information about any issues or alternate problems the research will consider and note the phenomenon or variables of the study. If there is a hypothesis, provide it in the introduction. Focus the introduction by setting up the boundaries of the research.
Give credit in a literature review. This shows where the ideas for the research came from and shows critical thinking and knowledge of the subject. This is either separated from the introduction in a short section or added to the introduction.
Describe the method of research. This will tell how you plan to conduct the research. For example, give information about taking surveys and the type of information on the survey or any instruments that you might use for the research.
Type the statistical procedures and hypothesis for the end result. The actual results are still unknown, so the results are of the proposal should use the hypothesis of results or types of statistics or similar information which will ultimately be used in the results.
Convince the reader of the necessity of the research. Show enthusiasm and confidence in the research. Also provide information about potential weaknesses or problems such as monetary needs or areas where the research might run into obstacles.
- doing research image by Leticia Wilson from Fotolia.com