Cherokee tribes have been resourceful with their surroundings using the earth to make special weapons and tools. According to the Cherokee Nation, one of the favorite materials of the Cherokee Indians was stone and flint. Because these materials were in abundance where the Cherokee people lived, they made good use of them. The process of making weapons and tools is one that was handed down through the generations.

The Cherokee Spear

According the the Cherokee by Blood Society, one of the most used weapons by the Cherokee nation is the short spear. Usually 3.5 to 4 feet long, the spear was a mainstay for both warfare and hunting. The spear was usually made of river reeds or river cane and was fitted with a type of arrow head called a spear point. The spear predated the bow and arrow by hundreds of years and is one of the oldest known weapons of the Cherokee people.

Club Weapons

According to the Cherokee Nation, the Cherokee people also used club-like weapons for in close fighting. One example of a club weapon is the tomahawk. Tomahawks were made of short pieces of wood, indigenous to the region the Cherokee inhabitated — such as ash or hickory. These were tied onto the shaft of the stick with rope made of hemp or string. Tomahawks could be thrown and also used as a general tool for cutting purposes. Other club weapons were more hammer-like, having rounded, instead of pointed, stone on the end. These clubs could be used as blunt force weapons.


The Cherokee sometimes used blow guns that were anywhere from 3 to 9 feet in length. The blow guns could be used to hunt small animals or in battle. What made the blow guns special was the poison darts that were loaded into the blow gun. The poisons came from plants and sometimes poisonous snakes.


Cherokee women were adept at weaving storage baskets.
Cherokee women were adept at weaving storage baskets.

According to the Cherokee by Blood, Cherokee women were very adept at weaving baskets. The baskets were made of river reeds and were made according to the purpose. For example baskets made for warriors had to be more rugged than those used for general storage. Baskets could also be made strong enough to be used for cooking. Baskets were also ornate and weaved in different patterns to create pleasing effects. Baskets could be weaved into many shapes such as square or circular and sometimes had a single or a double handle depending on the purpose.

Clay Bowls

Clay bowls were used by the Cherokee.
Clay bowls were used by the Cherokee.

Bowls were made out of clay that was gathered from the rivers where the Cherokee lived according to the Cherokee Nation. Like modern day clay bowls, the clay was baked using fire to harden it. Designs gave the bowls an ornate look. Many things could be cooked in the bowls including corn, game and even a type of whiskey in more modern Cherokee societies. The sizes of the clay bowls also varied depending on the purpose for the bowl.