Anesthesiologists are medical doctors who have specialized training in administering medication for pain control. Anesthesiologists often practice in surgical facilities such as hospitals assessing and adjusting medications throughout procedures and surgeries as needed. They also monitor a patient’s vital signs, such as blood pressure, heart rate and breathing while medication is provided. According to The American Board of Anesthesiology, to become an anesthesiologist, undergraduates must major in pre-med, receive a medical degree, complete a residency in anesthesiology and become licensed in the state which they practice. In the United States, many universities offer additional specialized programs in anesthesiology.

University of California, San Diego

The University of California, San Diego's School of Medicine's Department of Anesthesiology offers several options within the anesthesiology program, which includes residency. The programs are fully accredited by The American Board of Internal Medicine and The American Board of Anesthesiology. Medical students may apply for volunteer opportunities and fellowships ranging from anesthesia in critical care, cardiothoracic, neuroanesthesis, pain medicine, obstetric and regional anesthesia.

Medical College of Wisconsin

The Medical College of Wisconsin offers a full medical program ranging from undergraduate as a pre-medical major to a full medical doctor degree, culminating in the Anesthesiology residency program. The Anesthesiology program is the only anesthesiology training program in Southeast Wisconsin and provides students the opportunity to gain hands-on experience in patient care at several affiliated hospitals. In Wisconsin, a high number of anesthetic positions exist, providing residency students with a variety of opportunities to train in a range of surgical procedures. The Medical College of Wisconsin also offers Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-approved fellowships in pain management, critical care, cardiothoracic, pediatric, neurosurgical and obstetric anesthesia.

Johns Hopkins Medicine

Johns Hopkins Medicine's Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care provides students with a full range of anesthesia programs, however it specializes in pediatric anesthesia. Fellowships last one year and are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Johns Hopkins offers training programs in obstetric and regional anesthesia, which are not approved by the ACGME. Johns Hopkins also provides a rigorous residency program, which includes one-month rotations in a variety of anesthesiology sub-specialties such as surgical intensive care, general OR, obstetrics, pediatrics, preoperative evaluation, acute and chronic pain medicine.

Stanford School of Medicine

The Stanford School of Medicine's anesthesia department offers an innovative program that combines the internal medicine residency with anesthesia residency. Graduates of this program are board-eligible in both and have a greater likelihood of becoming leaders in peri-operative medicine. Stanford offers the widest range of fellowship opportunities ranging from cardiac, pain management, liver transplantation, pediatric pain management and clinical research. It also offers internship opportunities. Students coming into these programs must hold a medical degree and are board-eligible upon completion.