A research project should strive to do several things. It needs to start with a topic, and should then move on to a procedure that you will follow in order to complete the research. It should also include a conclusion -- or the outcome you hope to reach. Setting up your research project can be as easy as figuring out these three things.
A beginning look at research project ideas includes a look at the topic you want to research. You should have an idea in mind so that when you propose your idea you have plenty of topics. Your topic ideas should relate to your field of study. For instance, if you are a medical student your topics can include cancer vaccinations, disease history or experimental procedures. English students might research things such as a particular author's work, or a new form of poetry. Topics for science students might include looking at a new bacteria, researching the history of electricity or looking at space exploration. The topic you start with should be quite broad, so that you can narrow it down as you get more ideas.
After you have a topic, you will want to focus on the procedure that you'll follow to do the research. This should ultimately lead to your conclusion. Ideas for procedures might be researching two particular cancer vaccinations, looking at the vast history of a disease, or researching the short history of a new experimental procedure. You also might have a procedure that includes researching all of an author's work, or researching all of the instances of the new type of poetry you have found. Researching the strains of a new bacteria, reading books about how electricity was invented and how it is used, or doing research about how space exploration was developed are also ideas about how to focus on the procedures of the topic you have already chosen.
In order to complete your idea for research, you need to have a possible outcome for your research in your head. For instance, if you are researching cancer vaccinations, your outcome will be to answer whether, in your opinion and from your research, they work. If researching an author, you might strive to find out what his motivation was, or what her lasting history will be. For space exploration, your outcome might revolve on whether the space program is moving forward. Once you have an outcome in your sights, you'll be able to come up with the right research ideas.