HBCUs, or historically black colleges and universities, have a long history of fulfilling the higher education needs of African-Americans. Each one has its own proud heritage and standards that it continues to uphold today. The state of Texas is home to many black colleges and universities, including the renowned Prairie View A&M University and Texas Southern University. The HBCU list is comprised of schools concentrated in the southern states and along the Eastern coast. However, exceptional HBCU schools can be found across the country, such as the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, a graduate level HBCU in California.

Prairie View A&M University

This public university was established in 1876 and is the second oldest university in Texas. According to the school's website, Prairie View A&M University's mission is one of "achieving excellence in teaching, research and service." PVAM has traditionally produced nurses, engineers and teachers. However, as of 2018, the school offers 36 bachelor's, 30 master's, 48 minors and five doctorate degree programs. The school consists of nine colleges, and is a member of the Texas A&M University System.

Texas Southern University

Huston-Tillotson University

Huston-Tillotson is a private university of arts and sciences located in Austin, Texas. It operates in affiliation with the United Methodist Church, the United Negro College Fund (UNCF) and the United Church of Christ. Huston-Tillotson was formed in 1952, after the merging of Huston College and Tillotson college. The institution was known as Huston-Tillotson College up until 2005, when they changed their name. As of 2018, their website states that HTU awards bachelor's degrees in business, education, humanities, natural science, social science, science and technology.

Jarvis Christian College

One of the finest private HBCU colleges in Texas is Javis Christian College, founded in 1915. JCC is a private liberal arts college associated with the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). The school is small, with an enrollment of 900 students. As of 2018, JCC offers 20 bachelor's degree programs and three associate degrees. Popular majors include education, religion and criminal Justice, for instance.

Wiley College

Wiley College, one of the best known HBCU colleges in Texas, boasts of being the oldest historically black college west of the Mississippi River. This school was also the focus of the movie The Great Debaters, starring Denzel Washington. It was founded in 1873 in Marshall, Texas, during a time of extreme social tension between the black and white populations. Wiley College is also associated with the United Methodist Church, and the United Negro College Fund. As of 2018, the college is divided into specialized divisions: science, education, business and technology, social services and humanities, along with general education and special studies.