World War II was a global conflict that saw a tremendous loss of life, both for active military personnel and civilians. It was the deadliest conflict in military history in terms of the number of dead. In addition to the lives lost in battle, millions of civilians died in the Holocaust and thousands of innocent people died when the atomic bombs dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
World War II Casualties Worldwide
Estimations of total casualties for World War II are difficult to verify, but many experts place the total number of lives lost between 50 and more than 80 million. Almost twice the amount of civilians died in World War II than soldiers. The number of civilian deaths during World War II is about 50 to 55 million. Approximately 19 to 28 million of those deaths were because of disease and famine related to combat. Millions died in the Holocaust, including 6 million Jews, more than 5 million Soviets and hundreds of thousands of other civilian populations. Approximately 21 to 25 million military personnel died over the duration of the war, including prisoners of war.
How Many People Were Killed By the Atomic Bomb?
World War II was the first time that atomic weapons were used in combat, and the world watched in horror at the growing numbers of murdered civilians in Japan. The first atomic blast took place in Hiroshima in August of 1945. Estimates say that the number killed instantly when the bomb dropped was between 60,000 and 80,000. The long-term effects of the radiation were also deadly. Factoring in the people killed by radiation poisoning, the total number of dead rises to around 135,000. Three days later, a second atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, where the death toll was about 75,000 people.
Peace Treaties Signed After the War
The Paris Peace Conference took place between July and October of 1946, following the conclusion of the war. The result was the Paris Peace Treaties, signed in 1947 by the Allied Powers of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and France and negotiated by the lesser Axis powers including Finland, Romania, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria. These continued to be sovereign states and got permission to join the United Nations.
The language and stipulations of the Paris Peace Treaties related to reparations payable to injured nations, protection of minority ethnic and religious groups and they marked the end of Italian colonial power in Africa, Greece and Albania.