Despite creating a government of democratic participation, the Constitution of the United States was drafted in secrecy. All delegates to the Constitutional Convention were prohibited from speaking with the media until after the convention finished. This "secrecy rule" was adopted to avoid hearsay about the convention spreading across the country. This rule was adopted and enforced without debate, though there is one known instance of a delegate later expressing his distaste for the rule.
According to James Madison's "Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787," the secrecy rule was adopted without debate on May 29. The delegates reasoned that media rumors would put political pressure on the delegates that would limit their ability to draft a strong Constitution. While no one objected to secrecy -- at least according to Madison's official record -- Maryland delegate Luther Martin privately expressed reservations about the rule. Martin, however, arrived at the convention in June, after the secrecy rule had already been adopted, so he had no impact on the decision.
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