The Law School Admission Council, commonly referred to LSAC, is the clearinghouse for all things related to applying to law school in the United States. Students wishing to apply to law schools must send relevant materials such as transcripts to the Law School Data Assembly Service, which is maintained by LSAC. Prospective schools then use the service to retrieve application materials from applicants. The LSDAS uses a special formula to calculate grade point averages for law schools.

The Nuts and Bolts of GPA Calculations

Once LSDAS receives a transcript, it is evaluated to determine whether actual credit was awarded by the college or university. Grades classified as withdrawal, incomplete or pass/fail will not be included in the grade point calculation. When all credits are properly determined, LSAC converts all points awarded per course to a standard 4.0 scale. After any necessary conversions are made, all the points per course are added up and divided by the total number of courses. For example, if a transcript has the following grades: an incomplete, a 3.7, a 2.5 and a 4.0, the incomplete is discarded from the calculation. The other three grades are added and divided by the number of grades not discarded, which means the individual has a 3.4 GPA.