The lack of a formula to fine writing remains a great challenge when crafting arguments. After mastery of grammar, punctuation and paragraph structure, essayists float on a broad, open sea. Creating one sure-fire, packaged method for producing a convincing closing argument remains elusive because zeal and logic cannot be bottled. A good summation grows out of the introduction and thesis support. However, solid conclusions also have common elements largely derived during revision of the rough draft.
Reread the introduction or opening statement in order to get a sense of the overall argument. Introductions and conclusions share similarities as paragraphs. Both need to make general statements about the subject and provide the thesis statement.
Read the body paragraphs and note the main supporting ideas for your opinion. Clarity about your entire argument becomes essential when writing the closing. Summarize the important ideas that support your thesis in the closing.
Write a short closing with one question in mind: what do I want my readers or listeners to believe about the issue, subject or controversy? Closings should be brief and focused. Sometimes writers get nervous about leaving their conclusion too short and damage it by adding extraneous details, irrelevant to the argument. A sound conclusion should be short; it restates the thesis and summarizes the main supporting reasons with power and passion.
Find a profound or lyrical quote that complements your argument, or use an anecdote that illustrates your thesis. Make sure that the quote or anecdote perfectly matches your argument. Cite your sources.
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- "The Bedford Guide for College Writers"; X. J. Kennedy, Dorothy Kennedy and Sylvia Holladay; 2002.
- Closing Argument in Criminal Cases
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