Mexicans, upset over the 30-year reign of President Porfirio Díaz, began the Mexican Revolution in 1910. This revolution continued until a Constitutional Congress convened in November 1916. The Congress drafted the 1917 Mexican Constitution with a desire to integrate some of the revolutionary aims into the system. Most notable were the land reform and labor provisions, examples of a desire to increase social justice. On Feb. 5, 1917, the Mexican Constitution became law.
The 1917 Mexican Constitution provided the national government with increased powers to enact land reform. As the ultimate possessor of land rights, the Mexican government possesses the authority to confiscate property and use it in a manner deemed to be in the interests of the masses.
Both workers and employers received the right to form coalitions to protect their respective interests. The Constitution also established workers' compensation and the principle of equal pay for equal work.
- Topical Press Agency/Hulton Archive/Getty Images