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Types of Writing Techniques

by Laura Jerpi, Demand Media
    Writing styles vary based on the author's purpose and forum.

    Writing styles vary based on the author's purpose and forum.

    You must choose your writing technique carefully before you begin writing the story. Consider the topic of the story and the audience that will read it. Sometimes it is appropriate to use the word "I" in your story or reveal your own opinions on a topic, while other times it is not. Using the appropriate writing technique can make the difference between your story being a hit or total flop.

    Descriptive

    Descriptive writing occurs when the writer uses very detailed information to explain the story. This can involve detailed descriptions of the characters, the setting and even objects. This style of writing is used to immerse the readers in the story, allowing them to create a vivid mental picture of the setting in their minds. For example, a line from a descriptive story might read, "He was 6'4, with deep blue eyes, chestnut brown hair and a bright white smile."

    First-person

    When using a first-person writing technique, the writer is able to incorporate his own ideas into the story. Instead of just presenting the facts, the writer can let his own opinions come out in the writing. For example, a story written in a first-person technique would have the word "I" worked in throughout the text.

    Narrative

    A narrative writing style tells a story. The writer introduces different characters and a setting to the readers, while keeping his or her own voice silent. Narrative stories present a problem that is played out and eventually solved. One of the most common examples of a narrative is a movie script, but narratives are also frequently used in short stories as well.

    Persuasive

    In a persuasive writing style, the author tries to change the reader's mind on a certain topic or issue. Writers present facts supporting their opinions and try to convince the reader to join in their beliefs. An example of this is often seen in newspaper and magazine columns, or in political speeches.

    Subjective

    A story written in a subjective writing technique displays facts from both sides of an issue or subject. The writer is able to use first-person terms such as the word "I", but does not choose one side to support. Writers simply list the pros and cons of the subject so the readers can develop their own informed opinions. Newspaper articles are often written in a subjective style.

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    About the Author

    Laura Jerpi has been working in marketing since 2007. She is an interactive copywriter who writes for Thought Leadership Publications, Ai InSite and South Source. Jerpi holds a Bachelor of Arts in communications from the University of Pittsburgh and a Master of Business Administration from Robert Morris University.

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