Nouns are one of the eight basic parts of speech in the English language. Teachers usually introduce nouns to students in the first grade. In second grade, students learn more about the different types of nouns and how to identify them. Grammar instruction can be monotonous, especially for seven-year-olds. Incorporate games and fun classroom activities to make learning about nouns more interesting.
Review noun definitions. Students have already learned in first grade that a noun is a person, place or thing. Explain that anything or anyone they can touch, hear, smell, taste or see is a concrete noun. If they cannot identify something with their senses, then it may be an abstract noun like love or happiness. This lesson will help students visualize when they have to find nouns in sentences.
Use tangible objects to demonstrate types of nouns. Utilize items you already have in the classroom. For example, pencils, desks and notebooks are common nouns. Have students stand up when you call their name to give examples of proper nouns. Explain to them that they are a "class" of students, which is a collective noun.
Reference nouns in other academic subjects. Science and history are rich with terms that exemplify various types of nouns. Names of scientists and historical figures are proper nouns. Concepts like war, power and energy are excellent examples of abstract nouns.
Play games to reinforce knowledge of nouns. Children usually enjoy games, so use them frequently. If you have access to computers at your school, allow students to go online and play games such as those found at Quia and LearningPlanet. They will find and click on nouns they see, and the site keeps score.
Implement hands-on classroom activities. Give students sticky notes and markers. Have them label items in the classroom according to type of noun. For example, a pencil sharpener should be labeled a concrete, common noun.
Pair students and give them a poem or magazine article to read. Have them work together to highlight all the nouns they see.
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