The human skeleton consists of 206 bones that provide the body with support, store minerals and help manufacture blood cells. If you find yourself in an anatomy class, the bones that make up the skeletal system will probably be one of the first things you study. Following a pattern to study the bones in the human skeleton can help you master the names and locations of the bones without overwhelming you.
Items you will need
- Skeleton diagrams
Obtain a clearly labeled printout of the human skeleton to begin your study. A good diagram will show the skeleton from the front and back and have the bones labeled with clear lines showing the bones’ locations. Most anatomy textbooks feature excellent diagrams.
Break your study up into sections. Looking at the bones of the human skeleton as a whole can make it difficult for you to learn and study them effectively. Separate the bones into categories, such as bones in the head, the upper limbs, the back and thorax, the pelvis and lower limbs.
Color your skeleton diagram so that each section of bones is in a different color. If your diagram is in a textbook that you do not personally own, make a printout from a website to color or photocopy the diagram in your book. Say each bone name aloud as you color to help you remember them.
Purchase flashcards with pictures of the human skeleton and bones to quiz yourself. Set the flashcards you know immediately aside and review the ones you have trouble with until you can name all the bones.
Print an extra skeleton diagram so that you can cut out the names of the bones. Mix them up and place them where they go on the diagram.
Use mnemonic devices to help you remember the names of different sections of bones. For example, you can use the mnemonic device “PEST OF 6” to help you remember the cranial bones, parietal, ethmoid, sphenoid, temporal, occipital and frontal. The “6” helps you remember that there are six cranial bones.
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