Writers can publish short stories in collective books of their works, anthologies that include other writers' works, or on the Internet. As with any other source, the APA in-text citation for a short story gives the author's last name and year of publication with a comma between: (Gordimer, 2000). However, as explained in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, the References entry differs depending on the type of source you use.
The references entry for a collection or anthology begins with the short story's author, last name, comma and first initial with a period. Give the collection's publication year in parentheses, followed by a period. Follow this with the story title, ending with a period but no other formatting or punctuation. Capitalize the first word and proper nouns only. Type "In" -- without quotation marks -- and the name of the editor, first initial followed by last name and "Ed." -- without quotation marks -- in parentheses. After a comma, write and italicize the title of the collection; capitalize the first word and any proper nouns. Put the page numbers for the short story in parentheses after "pp." -- without quotation marks -- followed by a period. Finally, write the city of publication, followed by a colon, and the publisher. End the reference a period. Here is an example of a reference in this format: Gordimer, N. (2000). Once upon a time. In J. Smith (Ed.), Stories for bedtime (italicized) (pp. 144-157). New York: Penguin.
For a short story published on the Internet, follow the guidelines for a collection, but replace anthology title and pages with the italicized website name. Instead of the publisher information, type "Retrieved from" -- without quotation marks -- and the URL, with no ending punctuation, as in this example: Gordimer, N. (2000). Once upon a time. In J. Smith (Ed.), Stories for bedtime website (italicized). Retrieved from http://www.btstories.com/gordimer/once
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- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition); American Psychological Association
- Bedford St. Martins: APA List of References
- Purdue Online Writing Lab: Reference List: Electronic Sources (Web Publications)
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