American Psychological Association style is typically used for research papers in the social sciences, business and nursing. APA style offers guidelines for formatting a paper, avoiding bias and citing research using in-text citations. It discourages using footnotes. Instead, a reference page appears near the end of the paper and includes all sources cited in the paper.
The reference page is a separate page, double-spaced. The page is titled "References," centered at the top, but not boldfaced, underlined or in quotation marks.
Entries are alphabetized by the author's last name, which begins each entry. If there is more than one work by the same author, works are in chronological order. All major words are capitalized and the same punctuation is used when citing a journal title; only the first word is capitalized in titles of books, chapters, articles or websites. No underlining, italicizing, or quotation marks to shorter works, such as journal titles or essays are used. A hanging indentation of one-half inch from the margin is used for all lines after the first line in each entry.
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