One of the most important decisions you'll make in your four-year college career is your major. Most colleges allow students to declare a major by the end of their sophomore year. This choice will determine the upper-level courses you will take, focusing on a specific field of study and the bachelor's degree you will earn. You will usually discuss your career goals with a college advisor before choosing your major.

Choosing a Major

Most universities and colleges offer a wide variety of majors. If your career goal is teaching, for example, you will major in education, possibly with a specific focus on the subject area or grade level you want to teach. You will study educational theory and teaching methodologies along with child development and subject-specific upper-level courses. Likewise, to become a biologist, you will major in biology, taking many upper-level biology courses. Some majors are specifically designed to prepare students for graduate programs, such as a pre-med major to prepare for medical school or a psychology major to prepare for a master's program in counseling or social work. Your major will determine the degree you receive, such as a Bachelor of Science in Chemistry or Math, or a Bachelor of Arts in English, Theatre or History.