Mud brick was the primary building material in ancient Mesopotamia. Southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq) was rich in the key component for making mud bricks — good-quality clay. People used it to build homes, city walls, and even palaces. The bricks could be pressed into a decorative mold to enhance the surface and coated with plaster to make them more weather resistant. Mud brick is still a commonly used building material in the Middle East, and the technique for making mud brick has remained essentially the same since ancient times.

Making Bricks the Ancient Mesopotamian Way