HBCUs, or historically black colleges and universities, have a long history of fulfilling the higher education needs of African-Americans. Each one has its own proud heritage and standard that it continues to uphold today. The state of Texas is home to many black colleges and universities, including the renowned Texas Southern University and Prairie View A&M University.

Prairie View A&M University

This public university was established in 1876, and is the second oldest university in Texas. According to the school's website, Prairie View A&M University's mission is one of "achieving excellence in teaching, research and service." PVAM has traditionally produced nurses, engineers and teachers. However as of 2010, the school offers 50 bachelor's, 37 Master's and 4 doctorate degree programs. The school consists of nine colleges, and is a member of the Texas A&M University System.

Texas Southern University

Located in Houston, TSU is one of the largest historically black universities in the US. Being a well-known and long-established institution, TSU has a wide alumni network including professionals from a large number of fields. According to the school's website, TSU began in 1925 as an extension of Wiley College, and has since then undergone a number of incarnations until it became Texas Southern University in 1951. As of 2010, the university consists of ten colleges, including the Thurgood Marshall School of Law.

Huston-Tillotson University

Huston-Tillotson is a private university of arts and sciences located in Austin, Texas. It operates in affiliation with the United Methodist Church, the United Negro College Fund (UNCF) and the United Church of Christ. Huston-Tillotson was formed in 1952, after the merging of Huston College and Tillotson college. The institution was known as Huston-Tillotson College up until 2005, when they changed their name. As of 2010, their website states that HTU awards bachelor degrees in business, the humanities, education, science, social sciences and technology.

Jarvis Christian College

Founded in Hawkins, Texas as Jarvis Christian Institute in 1915, Jarvis Christian College associates with the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). JCC is a private liberal arts college. The school size is small, with undergraduate enrollment being 727 as of Spring 2010. As of 2010, JCC has fifteen 4-year degree programs listed in their online catalog, including religious studies, business management, and education.

Wiley College

Wiley College boasts of being the oldest historically black college west of the Mississippi river. This school was also the focus of the movie The Great Debaters, starring Denzel Washington. It was founded in 1873 in Marshall, Texas, during a time of extreme social tension between the black and white populations. Wiley College is also associated with the United Methodist Church, and the United Negro College Fund. As of the 2009-2010 school year, Wiley's online course catalog offers four degrees: The Associate of Arts (A.A), the Bachelor of Arts (B.A), the Bachelor of Science (B.S) and the Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A). Fourteen degree majors are offered, along with 8 minors.