According to the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics the pharmacy profession is projected to grow by 17% by the year 2018. Pharmacists are specialized professionals who work in hospitals, research facilities and other medical establishments. All practicing pharmacists possess advanced degrees at the doctoral level. A Pharm.D. degree (doctoral level diploma) is required in the United States to be licensed and practice as a pharmacist.

University of Wisconsin Madison

The School of Pharmacy at the University of Wisconsin Madison offers an accredited Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) program that leads to licensure as a professional pharmacist. Additionally, the School of Pharmacy offers non-professional undergraduate Pharmacology and Toxicology and graduate Masters of Science in Pharmacy programs. The professional Pharm.D. is a four-year program that includes specialized courses in Pharmacotherapy, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmacology, Drug Literature, Pathophysiology, Biostatistics and other related health science course work. Students also participate in 35 credits of clerkship in a medical site. Students applying to the Pharm.D. program must fulfill all prerequisite application requirements. These include eight credits of college-level Biology with labs, 16 credits of college Chemistry and labs, Calculus, eight credits of Physics with labs, a Microbiology class and three credits of Statistics. Applicants must also have taken college-level Communications, Microeconomics, Social Sciences, Behavioral Sciences and Ethnic Studies classes.

School of Pharmacy University of Wisconsin 777 Highland Ave. Madison, WI 53705 608-262-6234 wisc.edu

University of California, San Francisco

The University of California San Francisco offers a variety of pharmacy-related degree programs. Students interested in conducting pharmacological research may apply to one of the five PhD programs, while those wishing to pursue a professional career as a licensed pharmacist may opt for the Pharm.D. program. Doctoral students in the non-professional track may choose from Biological and Medical Informatics, Biophysics, Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Pharmacogenomics, and Bioengineering. These programs do not qualify the student to practice as a licensed pharmacist. The professional Pharm.D. track is a four-year program that leads to licensure as a professional pharmacist. The University of California's School of Pharmacy has a 99% pass rate on the professional licensure exam.

University of California School of Pharmacy 513 Parnassus Ave. UCSF Box 0150, Room S-960 San Francisco, CA 94143 415-476-2732 ucsf.edu

University of Pittsburgh

The School of Pharmacy at the University of Pittsburgh offers both Ph.D. and accredited Pharm.D. programs at the graduate level. Although the Ph.D. curriculum does prepare the student for a career in research, it does not meet the requirements for professional licensure. Individuals interested in working as a professional pharmacist (and, by necessity, passing the licensure exam) must complete the Pharm.D. degree. The Pharm.D. program is a four-year full-time course of study. All students must finish two full years of prerequisite coursework prior to beginning Pharm.D. studies. Prerequisites include academic classes in Biology, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Calculus, Statistics, English, Economics, Psychology and Humanities. These may have been completed during undergraduate or other graduate training.

University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy 1104 Salk Hall 3501 Terrace St. Pittsburgh, PA 15261 412-383-9000 pitt.edu