Adverbs are a part of speech used in conjunction with verbs to describe the way an action is occurring within a sentence. Learning adverbs requires understanding the definition of a verb and how to identify one in a sentence. Upon finding the verb, kids can locate the adverb by checking to see if the verb is being modified or clarified. You can practice learning adverbs by finding them within sentences and by using them in your own writing to add detail.
Review the definition of a verb as an action word that describes what the subject of the sentence is doing. For instance, in the sentence: "Jane walks her dog," the verb is "walks" because it notes the action that the subject "Jane" is performing.
Review the past, present and future tenses of verbs and helping verbs to help you identify them within a sentence. You can review by looking through and identifying verbs within subject-area text or reading books. Understanding the placement of verbs assists in the process of identifying adverbs.
Study and learn the definition of an adverb as a word that describes the verb (action) of a sentence. Note that some adverbs end in "ly" such as quickly, slowly, softly carefully and loudly, versus others that do not end in "ly" including fast, high, backwards and towards. Remember that the placement of an adverb is either directly before or after a verb.
Read a sentence such as: "Jane walks her dog quickly." Underline the verb, in this case "walks." Ask yourself the question, "How does Jane walk her dog?" to find the adverb. Reread the sentence to find "quickly" as the adverb and answer. Circle the word "quickly." Continue this exercise for multiple sentences.
Write a list of adverbs. Write sentences using one adverb per sentence to modify or clarify the verb. This helps you learn how to use adverbs and how to extend your sentences by making them more descriptive.
Create a game such as "Part of Speech Jeopardy." Write questions pertaining to identifying the different parts of speech, including adverbs on the lined side of index cards. Write the monetary worth on the front of the index cards. Play in a group against another team or as an individual. The person or group with the most money at the end of the game wins.
Play "Adverb Hangman." Write hints such as the definition of an adverb and its synonyms on the board. Count the letters in the adverb and write a correlating amount of spaces on the board. Give your partner a designated amount of guesses. Draw a different part of the hangman for each wrong guess. Switch roles after each game.
Things You Will Need
- Note cards
- White or black board
- Dry erase markers or chalk
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