Civil engineers are often the leader on construction projects.
Civil engineers are often the leader on construction projects.

Engineers build things. They take the elements of science and the math and make them into the products that society or businesses want or need. There are many different types of engineers that are highly specialized in producing items in diverse ways. But no matter what sort of engineering they are involved in, they all started learning about it in college. Engineers need at least a bachelor’s degree to pursue this career path. Once obtained, there are many types of jobs a graduate can obtain.

Civil Engineer

A civil engineer is a designer that may be involved in projects that range from bridges to tunnels to sewage systems. The civil engineer may be in charge of an entire construction project and may be the engineer overseeing projects for an entire city. He may be employed by the local government. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics website, civil engineers had an average starting salary of $52,048 per year in 2009.

Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers take the discoveries made by chemists and use them in practical applications. For example, if a chemist creates a new agricultural fertilizer, the chemical engineer might design a way to mass-produce the fertilizer for public use. Chemical engineers can be found working in all sorts of business fields, including chemical plants, fuel production, aerospace, food production and many other businesses, according to the Princeton Review website. The salary for this type of job varies widely based on the particular industry in which the engineer is employed. The Bureau of Labor Statistics website lists the average annual salary of a chemical engineer at $88,280, as of 2009.

Electrical Engineer

Electrical and electronics engineers have a hand in the design and improvement of many of the things you use every day. You computer, cell phone, car and the robots that manufacturing plants use to build some of these items are all worked on by an electrical or electronics engineer. Electrical or electronics engineers specialize in designing electronic circuitry and solving problems when electronics do not work the way they are intended. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics website, the average annual salary of electrical engineers was $86,250 in 2009.

Mechanical Engineer

If you consider it a machine, then odds are a mechanical engineer designed it. Everything from an airplane or car engine to an artificial heart is the work of a mechanical engineer at some point along the way. Mechanical engineers often specialize in a specific field of mechanics, such as automotive design, robotics or manufacturing, according to the Michigan Tech website. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics website, mechanical engineers have an average annual salary of $80,580 in 2009.

Other Engineering Fields

While there are generally more workers who specialize in the above fields of engineering, there are many other types of engineers who have bachelor’s degrees in engineering. Among these specialties are aerospace engineers, agricultural engineers, biomedical engineers, industrial engineers, marine engineers, nuclear engineers and petroleum engineers.

2016 Salary Information for Nuclear Engineers

Nuclear engineers earned a median annual salary of $102,220 in 2016, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. On the low end, nuclear engineers earned a 25th percentile salary of $82,770, meaning 75 percent earned more than this amount. The 75th percentile salary is $124,420, meaning 25 percent earn more. In 2016, 17,700 people were employed in the U.S. as nuclear engineers.