According to the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" (6th edition), in-text citations give your readers basic information about the sources you built upon in your research. They also give the necessary information for the readers to find the full source in your References section. The basic rules of APA parenthetical documentation may not apply for some Web sources since they may not include all the information a typical periodical or book contains, such as a specific author.
Most APA citations include the author's last name and the year of publication. In a parenthetical citation, put a comma between these portions: (Jones, 2013). You may use a signal phrase instead to emphasize the author: According to Jones (2013).On a Web page, the author and date may be listed at the top, along the left margin or at the very bottom. You may need to click on a home page, "about us" link or "contact us" link to find the author's name.
Some Web pages have organizations as authors. In this case, use that group name as you would any author, spelling out the name in full the first time you use it: (American Psychological Association, 2013). If the group is one familiar to your reader, subsequent mentions may use the acronym, such as APA. If no author at all appears on the page, use the title of the page in the citation, within quotation marks. Capitalize the first and other important words in the title within the signal phrase or citation: ("Studies Indicate Deception," 2013). You may shorten a very long title, but include the first word of the title in the citation. If you cannot find a date for the page, indicate that with "n.d." without the quotation marks: ("Studies Indicate Deception," n.d.).
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition); American Psychological Association
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- Purdue Online Writing Lab: APA Formatting and Style Guide In-Text Citations: Author/Authors
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