How to Include Pictures in the Works Cited in MLA

by Susan Sherwood, Demand Media

Writers in the humanities and liberal arts often include photographs, pictures of artwork and representations of artifacts in their work. This helps develop background, clarify details or bring a description to life. The seventh edition of the "MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers" offers guidelines for citing images.

In-Text Citation

When discussing a picture, include an in-text citation within parentheses. Insert the artist's name, a space and page number if available, such as: (Doe 114). If you mention the artist's name in text, omit it from the parentheses.

Digital Image

Include in-text citations on the Works Cited page. For a digital image, begin with the artist's last name, a comma, first name and a period. List the name of the work in italics followed by a period. Include the year the work was created. If this is not known, use "n.d." without quotation marks for "no date." Add a period. Indicate the media, such as a JPEG file and a period; for example: Doe, Jane. Portrait of a Dog and Cat. (1999). JPEG file.

Book

Put any in-text citations from a book on the Works Cited page. Begin with the artist's last name, a comma, first name and a period. Add the italicized name of the work and a period. Indicate the date produced, or use "n.d." Add a period. Identify the location of a work of art -- museum and city -- if known. Add a period. List the italicized title of the book with a period. Include "By" without quotation marks, first and last names of the author and a period. Identify the publication location. Add a colon. List the publisher. Add a period. Include the page number and a period. To indicate medium, insert "Print" without quotation marks. Finish with a period; for instance: Smith, Sandy. It's a Dog's Life. 1969. The Exclusive Museum, New York. Favorite Dog Prints. By Jesse Jones. New York: Top Publishers. 42. Print.

About the Author

Living in upstate New York, Susan Sherwood is a researcher who has been writing within educational settings for more than 10 years. She has co-authored papers for Horizons Research, Inc. and the Capital Region Science Education Partnership. Sherwood has a Ph.D. in curriculum and instruction from the University at Albany.

Photo Credits

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