Writers in the humanities and liberal arts often include photographs, pictures of artwork and representations of artifacts in their work. This helps develop background, clarify details or bring a description to life. The seventh edition of the "MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers" offers guidelines for citing images.
When discussing a picture, include an in-text citation within parentheses. Insert the artist's name, a space and page number if available, such as: (Doe 114). If you mention the artist's name in text, omit it from the parentheses.
Include in-text citations on the Works Cited page. For a digital image, begin with the artist's last name, a comma, first name and a period. List the name of the work in italics followed by a period. Include the year the work was created. If this is not known, use "n.d." without quotation marks for "no date." Add a period. Indicate the media, such as a JPEG file and a period; for example: Doe, Jane. Portrait of a Dog and Cat. (1999). JPEG file.
Put any in-text citations from a book on the Works Cited page. Begin with the artist's last name, a comma, first name and a period. Add the italicized name of the work and a period. Indicate the date produced, or use "n.d." Add a period. Identify the location of a work of art -- museum and city -- if known. Add a period. List the italicized title of the book with a period. Include "By" without quotation marks, first and last names of the author and a period. Identify the publication location. Add a colon. List the publisher. Add a period. Include the page number and a period. To indicate medium, insert "Print" without quotation marks. Finish with a period; for instance: Smith, Sandy. It's a Dog's Life. 1969. The Exclusive Museum, New York. Favorite Dog Prints. By Jesse Jones. New York: Top Publishers. 42. Print.
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