According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, the job market for registered nurses is projected to grow as the number of patients needing medical care grows. Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) were established to educate black Americans during racial segregation. Leigh Page of Minority Nurse says today’s HBCU nursing schools are evolving: modernizing teaching techniques; creating advanced courses of study; and renovating educational facilities. HBCUs offering nursing majors are found in 17 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The majority of HBCUs are located in the South.
West North Central Region
Jefferson City, Missouri is home to the only Midwest HBCU that offers nursing majors. Lincoln University was formed in 1866 by members of the 62nd U.S. Colored Infantry. The university’s Department of Nursing Science reports that it offers an associate of applied science degree in nursing for new students and current LPNs. The department also offers a bachelor of science in nursing degree for practicing RNs, and an associate of applied science degree in surgical technology.
South Atlantic Region
Nearly half of the country’s HBCU nursing programs are located in the South Atlantic region. Delaware is home to Delaware State University, a public HBCU. Maryland has two public institutions: Bowie State University and Coppin State University. Washington, D.C., also has two HBCUs. Howard University is a private school, and the University of the District of Columbia is a public HBCU.
Virginia boasts three HBCUs: Hampton University, a private school; and Norfolk State and Virginia State, both public universities. Bluefield State College is a public HBCU in West Virginia. North Carolina’s Winston-Salem State University and North Carolina Central University are both public schools. South Carolina State University is South Carolina’s only HBCU offering nursing majors. The state of Georgia has one public HBCU, Albany State University. Florida has two: Bethune-Cookman University and Florida State A&M University.
East South Central Region
Kentucky is home to a four-year HBCU, Kentucky State University. Tennessee is home to Fisk University, a private HBCU. Alabama boasts a private HBCU, Tuskegee University, and two public community colleges, Bishop State Community College and Lawson State Community College. Mississippi’s Alcorn State University is a four-year institution, while Coahoma Community College is a two-year HBCU.
West South Central Region
The University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff is the only public HBCU in Arkansas. Louisiana has one private HBCU that offers nursing programs, Dillard University. Grambling State University and Southern University A&M College are the state’s public schools. Oklahoma’s Langston University is the state’s only HBCU. Prairie View A&M University is a four-year HBCU in the state of Texas. St. Philip’s College is the state’s two-year HBCU.
Pacific West Region and the U.S. Virgin Islands
Incorporated in 1966, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science is California’s only HBCU. According to the university’s website, the School of Nursing offers master of science programs for both entry-level and advanced students. Located in St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, the University of the Virgin Islands is the only HBCU outside of the continental United States. The university was chartered in 1962 by the Virgin Islands Legislature. The School of Nursing reports that it offers the associate of science in nursing degree, as well as, the bachelor of science in nursing degree.