Students who take sociology in high school often perform experiments as part of their course requirements or in conjunction with their science fair presentations. Experiment ideas should focus on the social lives of individuals or groups and how they function in society. Teenagers are in the process of developing their own perceptions of human nature and are often curious to discover how people respond or react to specific situations. As a student, you should always get your experiment approved by your teacher to ensure it's safe and beneficial to your understanding of sociology.
Conduct an experiment that examines how society responds to deviant behavior -- behavior that doesn't follow the norm. Ensure that the experiment neither violates laws or regulations nor poses any danger to those involved. For example, as a team of three, board a public elevator, such as one at a mall or a public library, and have one student face another, looking at the back wall rather than looking at the doors. A third student should stand at the back of the elevator, facing forward, and observe riders' reactions and responses to the rear-facing student. Don't block anyone's ability to get on or off the elevator or push the buttons, and limit your elevator use to a few minutes to avoid unwanted speculation. Or, visit a public place, such as a park or a lounge area at the mall, and have one student eat an unusual item -- a blue foot-long hot dog or a hot pink taco -- while the other student records bystander responses. The goal is to see how onlookers respond to out-of-the-ordinary behavior.
Honesty and Courtesy
Examine whether individuals are more likely to be honest and courteous when they know someone is watching them. For example, Science Buddies suggests observing handicap parking spaces, without drivers knowing that you're watching the spaces, to see if those without handicap stickers still park there. Then, park next to the spaces or stand near them and observe if your visible presence deters ineligible drivers from parking in those spaces. Or, conduct a similar experiment by spilling a handful of coins on the pavement and observing whether individuals return the money or pocket it. Examine if the response changes when others are present to witness the coin spilling. Record your observations.
Perform an experiment to see if people respond differently to individuals of a different color or race. Pair up with a person of a different race, but the same gender, in your class. Dress in the same outfit and visit your local mall -- each person should have another student follow him to document the responses. Record how long it takes customer service representatives or sales associates to address the similarly dressed students and document any differences in attitude, vocabulary or attentiveness. You might also document if the type of store made a difference, such as sporting goods stores versus cell phone stores or music stores.
Gender and Color Preference
Survey 100 males and 100 females and ask, "What's your favorite color?" You can limit your survey to a specific age group, such as high school students, or you can take a random poll of all ages. Record the answers and create a pie chart or a bar graph to summarize the responses. The goal is to see if the stereotypical association -- girls like pink and boys like blue -- still holds true. According to an article on the Smithsonian website, the two colors weren't promoted as gender identifiers until just before World War I.
- Science Buddies: Sociology Project Ideas
- Chambersburg Area School District: Sociology Experiments; Kristen Mowery
- University High School, Illinois -- "The Clarionette": Sociology Class Explores Responses to Deviant Behavior with Class Experiment
- Teaching High School Sociology: When Did the Pink for Girls / Blue for Boys Begin?
- Smithsonian: When Did Girls Start Wearing Pink?
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