If you have a job, your employer must take federal income tax out of your paychecks unless you’re exempt from it. Whoever does the payroll is supposed to make the withholding based on the conditions on your W-4 form. If you claim too many allowances, or married status when you’re single, the tax might not come out of your paychecks. You can face penalties for that.
Figuring Your Withholding
The less money you earn, the less federal income tax you pay. It's possible no federal income tax came out of your paychecks because you didn't earn enough money in the pay period. In this case, you should be okay when you file your taxes as long as you filled out your W-4 form correctly. Your employer uses the tax tables in Internal Revenue Service Publication 15 to figure your withholding. You may access the publication via the IRS website to see how much withholding should be coming out of your paycheck.
Penalties and Interest
If you were supposed to have a withholding and didn’t, the IRS will know when your employer files your annual W-2 form. If you don't file a tax return you may face penalties and interest. You face the same problem f you file a return and don't pay the taxes due. According to the IRS website, the failure-to-file penalty is normally 5 percent of the monthly delinquent tax. The failure-to-pay penalty is typically 0.5 percent. Interest is generally added daily and the rate is fixed every three months.
Lien and Levy
If you don't pay your tax bill with your return the IRS will send you a bill. If you still don’t pay or make arrangements to pay, the agency may file a lien or levy against you. A lien is a claim against your property. A levy is an actual seizure of your property to fulfill the debt and may show up on your credit report. Items such as your home, vehicle, boat, bank account, wages, dividends and retirement income are all fair game. If you have a tax debt, contact the agency by phone or online to set up an installment plan. You can also make an offer in compromise, which lets you settle at a reduced amount.
If you're due a refund because of credits and deductions that you claimed, the IRS will apply it to your tax debt. It might also take your state tax refund if the full debt is still unpaid. It gets worse from there. According to the IRS Tax Crimes Handbook, anyone who intentionally tries to escape evaluation or payment of federal taxes is guilty of a felony and can be fined as much as $250,000 or jailed for up to five years, or both. A fine of $500,000 applies to corporations.
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