GED Topics

by Fitzalan Gorman, Demand Media
Topics covered on the math GED test include fractions, geometry, percents and proportions.

Topics covered on the math GED test include fractions, geometry, percents and proportions.

The General Educational Development examination is a series of five subject tests that measure your knowledge on core high school subjects. A GED diploma is often considered the equivalent of a high school diploma. Topics tested on the GED are reading, writing, mathematics, social studies and science.

Language Arts-Writing

The language arts-writing section features two parts: a multiple-choice section and an essay section. The multiple-choice portion has 50 questions; you have 75 minutes to complete it. Within this section, 30 percent of the questions focus on sentence structure, 30 percent on word usage, 25 percent on mechanics and 15 percent on sentence organization. On this section, you will read both fiction and nonfiction passages and answer a variety of questions regarding grammar, sentence structure and spelling. The second portion is a two-page essay. You have 45 minutes to write your essay on a given topic. The given topic is usually familiar to most adults. Your essay is judged on development of ideas, organization, correct sentence structure and grammar.

Language Arts-Reading

The language arts-reading section has 40 multiple-choice questions. You are given 65 minutes to complete it. On this section, you read both nonfiction and fiction. The majority of texts are fiction. You can anticipate essays, plays, poetry, drama and workplace documents. The questions ask you to summarize, evaluate and explain what you have read.


The mathematics portion of the GED has two sections. You are allowed to use a calculator on the first section but not on the second. Your testing center will provide you with the calculator. Each section has 25 questions. You are given 45 minutes for each part. On this test, you have multiple-choice, grid and fill-in-the-blank questions. You can anticipate questions involving fractions, algebra, geometry, coordinate planes, percents and proportions.

Social Studies

The GED social studies test has 50 multiple-choice questions, which you are given 70 minutes to complete. This majority of this section focuses on U.S. history, civics and government. The remainder of the test measures your knowledge of economics, geography and world history. On this section, you will use a variety of texts or graphics, such as maps, charts and photos, to answer questions.


The science portion of the GED features 50 multiple-choice questions. You are given 80 minutes to complete it. Forty-five percent of the test is on life science, 35 percent focuses on physical science and the remaining 20 percent is geared toward earth and space science. On this section, you use text or graphics, such as maps, charts and diagrams, to answer questions. The questions measure your ability to analyze and evaluate material, apply ideas and problem solve.

About the Author

Fitzalan Gorman has more than 10 years of academic and commercial experience in research and writing. She has written speeches and text for CEOs, company presidents and leaders of major nonprofit organizations. Gorman has published for professional cycling teams and various health and fitness websites. She has a Master of Arts from Virginia Tech in political science and is a NASM certified personal trainer.

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