It is important to cite all sources that you quote or paraphrase when you are writing college essays. If you are adhering to American Psychological Association (APA) guidelines, you should cite certain information parenthetically within the text. APA style does not require that you cite press releases any differently than other types of sources. Instead, follow the general rules governing in-text citations as laid out in the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association."
List the last name of the author and the year of publication in parentheses, if you are referencing a press release as a whole. For example:
List the author's last name, the year of publication and the page number in parentheses, if you are referencing a specific part of a press release. For example:
(Smith, 1990, p. 2)
Position your citation at the end of a direct quote or paraphrase of the press release. For example:
One press release stated that the company had "never taken part in any form of insider trading" (Smith, 1990, p. 2), although evidence to the contrary continued to mount.
Omit the author's name from your parenthetical citation, if you have already mentioned the author by name in the text. In this case, cite the year of publication directly after the author's name, and cite the page number directly after the quote or paraphrased passage. For example:
Smith (1990) stated that the company had "never taken part in any form of insider trading" (p. 2), although evidence to the contrary continued to mount.
- If a press release is authored by an organization, list the name of the organization in place of an author's last name. For example: (American Psychological Association, 1990, p. 2)
- Some press releases are either electronic sources or too short to be paginated. In these cases, APA guidelines suggest that you include a paragraph number, instead of a page number. The correct format to do this is as follows: (Smith, 1990, para. 5)