Research paper writers sometimes quote or paraphrase from sources authored by professional organizations. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association specifies the requirements for creating both in-text and References page citations for sources authored by governmental or other professional organizations.
When the author is an organization versus an individual, completely spell out the name of the entity in your signal phrase -- this is the preferred use -- or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source. When an entity has a widely know abbreviation, place it in brackets directly after the name so that you can use the abbreviation alone in subsequent citations. For example: "The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People [NAACP] seeks to . . . (n.d.)." Subsequent signal phrase citations would read: "The NAACP refuted . . ." List subsequent parenthetical citations as: (NAACP). Do not repeat the date or "n.d" -- which stands for no date -- for the same composition by the same author in later citations.
The References page entry includes the name of the organization in full, the date or "n.d." in parenthesis, the title of the Web page in sentence case, the most recent date of access following the word "Retrieved" and the URL address with no ending period. For example: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. (n.d.). Our mission. Retrieved June 4, 2013, from http://www.naacp.org/pages/our-mission.
Style Your World With Color
Let your clothes speak for themselves with this powerhouse hue.View Article
Barack Obama's signature color may bring presidential power to your wardrobe.View Article
Explore a range of cool greys with the year's top colors.View Article
See if her signature black pairs well with your personal style.View Article
- A Pocket Style Manual, Sixth Edition; Diana Hacker and Nancy Sommers
- Shatford Library at Pasadena City College: Student Guide to the APA References List
- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: Our Mission
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition; American Psychological Association
- Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images