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How to Cite an Image in APA Format

by Marcie Thomas, Demand Media
    Give the image creator the proper credit when you use his image as a source.

    Give the image creator the proper credit when you use his image as a source.

    If you use a static image element, such as a map, painting, photo or illustration, as a reference source in your report or paper, you'll need to cite it appropriately. APA style requires you to include several pieces of information in your citation, such as the image creator, the year, the title, the creator's role (i.e., photographer or artist) and the type of medium (i.e., photo or illustration). If the element is online, include the URL.

    In-Text Citation

    The in-text citation for an image uses the "Creator, Year" format or, if no date is available, "Creator, n.d." For example: Starry Night (van Gogh, 1889) is a masterpiece depicting the night sky over southern France. Alternatively, you can include the creator's name in a signal phrase instead of in the parenthetical citation. For example: One masterful example of a painting is van Gogh's Starry Night (1889), depicting the night sky over southern France.

    Reference List

    The basic format for the reference listing includes the creator, his role, the year of publication, the title of the image, the type of image and the URL. The basic format is as follows: Creator. (Role). (Year). Title (in italics) [Media]. Retrieved from URL For example: van Gogh, Vincent. (Artist). (1889). Starry Night (in italics) [Painting]. Retrieved from http://www.vangoghgallery.com/catalog/Painting/508/Starry-Night.html

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    References

    • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition; American Psychological Association

    About the Author

    Marcie Thomas has a Master of Education in instructional technology. She specializes in the use of technology in higher education, including online learning. Thomas has experience with instructional design, Web development, network administration, PC support and technical writing.

    Photo Credits

    • Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images