How to Cite Articles With No Author

by Forest Time

Both Modern Language Association (MLA) format and American Psychological Association (APA) format require that you include works cited in a reference list at the end of your paper. This can be tricky if you are citing a source that is missing a crucial piece of publication information, such as an article with no known author. However, both the MLA and the APA publish guidelines to help you correctly format your citation in the absence of an author.

MLA Style

Begin your citation with the title of the article. This should be enclosed in quotation marks and followed by a period. For example: "Forty Ways to Love America."

Format the rest of your citation in the same way you would if the article had a known author. For example: "Forty Ways to Love America." Patriotic Journal 11 Jan. 2010: 46-51. Print.

Alphabetize your citation according to the title, because there is no known author. For example, your reference entry for "Forty Ways to Love America" would be ordered between entries for sources written by Dan Folsom and John Green.

APA Style

Begin your citation with the title of the article, followed by a period. Capitalize only the first letter of the title, along with the first letters of any proper nouns. For example: Forty ways to love America.

Format the rest of your citation as though the article had a known author. For example: Forty ways to love America. (2010, January 11). Patriotic Journal, 135, 46-51.

Alphabetize your citation according to the title. Your reference entry for "Forty Ways to Love America" would be ordered between entries for sources written by John Fader and Jim Greer.