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How to Cite in AMA Format

by Forest Time, Demand Media

    The American Medical Association (AMA) sets guidelines for the proper citation of references in the American Medical Association Manual of Style. AMA style is most often used by students and professionals in the disciplines of medicine and the biological sciences. Note that in AMA style, references are listed in the order they appear in the text, not in alphabetical order by author. AMA style sets specific citation guidelines for a variety of different types of sources.

    Step 1

    Format your citation in the following manner if you are citing a book. Author's Last Name First Initial. Title. City of Publication: Publisher; Year. For example: Smith N. Leeches in Medicine. Boston: Medical Press; 2005. To list an article or chapter in a larger book, format your citation in the following manner. Author's Last Name First Initial. Chapter or Article Title. In: Editor's Last Name First Initial, ed. City of Publication: Publisher; Year:Page Range. When citing an article within a larger work, only capitalize the first word in the article title, along with any proper nouns. For example: Jones L. The use of leeches in colonial America. In: Smith N, ed. Leeches in Medicine. Boston: Medical Press; 2005:318-341.

    Step 2

    Format your citation in the following manner if you are citing an article from a journal or magazine that is published in volumes: Author's Last Name First Initial. Title of article. Name of Magazine in Italics. Year;Volume:Page Range. For example: Grant A. An examination of contemporary American medicine. American Journal of Medicine. 2007;9:145-160. Format citations for articles in newspapers or magazines and journals not paginated by volume in the following manner: Author's Last Name First Initial. Title of article. Name of Magazine or Newspaper in Italics. Month Day, Year:Page Range. For example: Grant A. Medical documents released by China. The New York Times. January 18, 2009:C13.

    Step 3

    Format your citation in the following manner if you are citing a website: Author's Last Name First Initial. Title of article or document. Name of Website. Year. Available at: Full URL. Accessed Month Day, Year. For example: Jones B. Medical pictures from Bosnia. MedicineWeb. 2004. Available at: http://www.medicineweb.com/itweb/nysl_li_liu.htm. Accessed June 4, 2005. Journal articles accessed on the Internet should be cited in the following manner: Author's Last Name First Initial. Title of article. Name of Journal in Italics [serial online]. Year;Volume:Page Range. Available at: Full URL. Accessed Month Day, Year. For example: Grant A. An examination of contemporary American medicine. American Journal of Medicine [serial online]. 2007;9:145-160. Available at: http://www.aja.com/web/nyliu.htm. Accessed July 9, 2009.

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    Tip

    • Consult an AMA style guide for formatting information on other types of works that are not listed in this article.

    About the Author

    Forest Time has been writing for over a decade. During this time, he founded and edited a short-lived literary magazine, received several prizes for his poetry and published a master's thesis on Cambodian history. He received his Master of Arts in Asian history from the University of Maine at Orono in 2007.

    Photo Credits

    • Comstock/Comstock/Getty Images

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