The graphic novel is a unique medium that integrates text and graphical representations into a set of panels that collectively convey a story. While the graphic novel is significantly different from the standard text-based novel in terms of content, for purposes of citation the graphic novel's APA reference should follow the standard book citation format.
The in-text citation for a graphic novel should follow the same rules as for a standard book. For a parenthetical citation, use the (Author, Year) format. For example: The graphic novel Maus (in italics) (Spiegelman, 1986) is a depiction of the Holocaust using cats as Germans and mice as Jews. A signal phrase should be formatted similarly. For example: In Spiegelman's Maus (in italics) (1986), the story of the Holocaust is depicted using cats as Germans and mice as Jews.
A graphic novel reference listing should follow the same conventions as for a text-based novel: Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work (in italics). Location: Publisher. For example: Spiegelman, A. (1986). Maus (in italics). New York: Pantheon Books.
Style Your World With Color
See if her signature black pairs well with your personal style.View Article
Barack Obama's signature color may bring presidential power to your wardrobe.View Article
Explore a range of cool greys with the year's top colors.View Article
Create balance and growth throughout your wardrobe.View Article
- Purdue Owl: Reference List: Books
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition; American Psychological Association
- Photos.com/Photos.com/Getty Images