The eight parts of speech are the essential building blocks to teaching kids proper grammar. The English language has approximately 250,000 distinctive words and each of these words can be divided into eight parts of speech. Teaching the eight parts of speech will allow children to learn and execute proper sentence structure.

Nouns

A noun is a person, place, thing, animal, activity, quality or idea. Examples of nouns are "cat," "dog," "girl," "paper," "desk," "library," "honesty" and "swimming." If the noun is a specific person, place or thing, such as "Chicago," "Wisconsin," "Kyle," "Allyssa," "Empire State Building," "Tuesday" or "January," the noun is considered a proper noun. A proper noun always begin with a capital letter. Nouns that do not refer to a specific name of a person, place or thing are called common nouns.

Adjectives

An adjective is a word that describes a noun. In the English language, adjectives often go before the noun, or they go after a verb. Examples of adjectives are "blue," "wooden," "fast," "old," "short" and "big."

Verbs

A verb is a word that states an action or state of being. Examples of action verbs are "run," "eat," "throw," "play," "write" and "talk." There are many types of verbs. Verbs can be past, present and future tense, such as in "Kyle ran," "Kyle is running" and "Kyle will run." Some verbs are considered linking verbs. Linking verbs, such as "is," "be," "am," "are," "was" and "were," link a noun to a description of that noun; they connect a noun or subject to a noun or adjective. Helping verbs are used before an action or linking verb. Examples of helping verbs are "could," "can," "was," "has" and "did."

Adverbs

An adverb modifies an adjective, verb or another adverb. An adverb explains a time, place, manner or degree. They are used to describe how, when, where, how often and why something happens. Adverbs often end in "ly." Examples of adverbs are "loudly," "easily," "carefully," "correctly," "quickly," "in," "out," "never," "usually," "after," "now," "soon," "here" and "there."

Pronouns

A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. There are five types of pronouns: personal ("I," "me," "our," "you," "his," "her" and "its"), relative ("who," "what" and "that"), indefinite ("all," "anyone," "both," "everything," "much," "nothing," "several" and "someone"), interrogative (words that begin a sentence, such as "who" and "whom") and demonstrative ("this," "these" and "those").

Prepositions

A preposition is a connecting word that shows the relation of a noun or pronoun to another word. Examples of prepositions are "for," "on," "to," "from" and "at." A preposition is the beginning of a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase is the entire part of the sentence that describes the noun. For example, "Allyssa danced for an hour" contains the prepositional phrase "for an hour." "For" is the preposition.

Conjunctions

Conjunctions are words that join other words together. There are three types of conjunctions; coordinating, subordinating and correlative. Coordinating conjunctions connect a word to a word, a phrase to a phrase or a clause to a clause. They are often used to connect two independent clauses in compound sentences. Examples of coordinating conjunctions are "and," "but," "for," "or" and "so." Subordinating conjunctions are often used in complex sentences that contain an independent and a dependent clause. They show the relationship between the clauses. Examples of subordinating conjunctions are "although," "as though," "though," "until" and "whereas." Correlative conjunctions work in pairs to join words of an equal importance. Examples of correlative conjunctions are "not only" and "but," "either" and "or," "neither" and "nor" and "whether" and "or."

Interjections

Interjections tell emotion or a surprise. Interjections are often followed by an exclamation mark. Examples of interjections are "Oh no!," "Oh my goodness!" and "Ah, yes!"